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Wages and hiring practices were fixed, identifying badges were sometimes required, and even work songs were sometimes censored. The effects of slavery were pronounced on white society as well. In the s, the town’s churches intensified their discrimination against their Black parishioners, culminating in Bethel Methodist ‘s construction of a hearse house over its Black burial ground.

In June , Black church members at Hampstead Church were arrested and eight of its leaders given fines and ten lashes; police raided the church again in and pressured it in In , members of the church, led by Denmark Vesey , a lay preacher [62] and carpenter who had bought his freedom after winning a lottery, planned an uprising and escape to Haiti —initially for Bastille Day —that failed when one slave revealed the plot to his master.

This structure later was the basis of the Citadel ‘s first campus. The AME congregation built a new church but in the city banned it and all Black worship services, following Nat Turner ‘s rebellion in Virginia. Slaveholders sometimes provided them with beef rations in place of pork in recognition of religious traditions.

The registered tonnage of Charleston shipping in was 12, Soon, federal soldiers were dispensed to Charleston’s forts, and five United States Coast Guard cutters were detached to Charleston Harbor “to take possession of any vessel arriving from a foreign port, and defend her against any attempt to dispossess the Customs Officers of her custody until all the requirements of law have been complied with.

The state’s politicians worked on a compromise law in Washington to gradually reduce the tariffs. Charleston’s embrace of classical architecture began after a devastating fire leveled much of the city.

The damaged buildings amounted to about one-fourth of all the businesses in the main part of the city. When the many homes and business were rebuilt or repaired, a great cultural awakening occurred. Previous to the fire, only a few homes were styled as Greek Revival; many residents decided to construct new buildings in that style after the conflagration.

This tradition continued and made Charleston one of the foremost places to view Greek Revival architecture. The Gothic Revival also made a significant appearance in the construction of many churches after the fire that exhibited picturesque forms and reminders of devout European religion.

By , the Market Hall and Sheds, where fresh meat and produce were brought daily, became a hub of commercial activity. The slave trade also depended on the port of Charleston, where ships could be unloaded and the slaves bought and sold.

The legal importation of African slaves had ended in , although smuggling was significant. However, the domestic trade was booming. More than one million slaves were transported from the Upper South to the Deep South in the antebellum years, as cotton plantations were widely developed through what became known as the Black Belt. Many slaves were transported in the coastwise slave trade , with slave ships stopping at ports such as Charleston.

Charleston played a major part in the Civil War. As a pivotal city, both the Union and Confederate Armies vied for control of it. The Civil War began in Charleston Harbor in , and ended mere months after the Union forces took control of Charleston in South Carolina was the first state to secede.

Union control of the sea permitted the repeated bombardment of the city, causing vast damage. Over the course of the war, some blockade runners got through but not a single one made it into or out of the Charleston Harbor between August and March General Gillmore’s land assault in July was unsuccessful [28] but the fall of Columbia and advance of General William T.

Sherman ‘s army through the state prompted the Confederates to evacuate the town on February 17, , burning the public buildings, cotton warehouses, and other sources of supply before their departure. The facilities were finally returned to the state and reopened as a military college in under the direction of Lawrence E.

After the defeat of the Confederacy, federal forces remained in Charleston during Reconstruction. The war had shattered the city’s prosperity, but the African-American population surged from 17, in to over 27, in as freedmen moved from the countryside to the major city.

They purchased dogs, guns, liquor, and better clothes—all previously banned—and ceased yielding the sidewalks to whites. Many were educated and practiced skilled crafts; [37] they quickly became leaders of South Carolina’s Republican Party and its legislators. By the late s, industry was bringing the city and its inhabitants back to a renewed vitality; new jobs attracted new residents.

In , the Avery Normal Institute was established by the American Missionary Association as the first free secondary school for Charleston’s African American population. Sherman lent his support to the conversion of the United States Arsenal into the Porter Military Academy, an educational facility for former soldiers and boys left orphaned or destitute by the war. Violent incidents occurred throughout the Piedmont of the state as white insurgents struggled to maintain white supremacy in the face of social changes after the war and granting of citizenship to freedmen by federal constitutional amendments.

After former Confederates were allowed to vote again, election campaigns from on were marked by violent intimidation of blacks and Republicans by conservative Democratic paramilitary groups, known as the Red Shirts. Violent incidents took place in Charleston on King Street on September 6 and in nearby Cainhoy on October 15, both in association with political meetings before the election.

The Cainhoy incident was the only one statewide in which more whites were killed than blacks. Another riot occurred in Charleston the day after the election, when a prominent Republican leader was mistakenly reported killed. In the early 20th century strong political machines emerged in the city reflecting economic, class, racial, and ethnic tensions.

The factions nearly all opposed U. Senator Ben Tillman who repeatedly attacked and ridiculed the city in the name of upstate poor farmers. Well organized factions within the Democratic Party in Charleston gave the voters clear choices and played a large role in state politics. On August 31, , Charleston experienced a strong earthquake. The shock was estimated to have a moment magnitude of 7.

It was felt as far away as Boston to the north, Chicago and Milwaukee to the northwest, as far west as New Orleans , as far south as Cuba , and as far east as Bermuda. The Charleston race riot of took place on the night of Saturday, May 10, between members of the US Navy and the local black population.

They attacked black individuals, businesses, and homes killing six and injuring dozens. Charleston languished economically for several decades in the 20th century, though the large federal military presence in the region helped to shore up the city’s economy. Charleston’s tourism boom began in earnest following the publication of Albert Simons and Samuel Lapham ‘s Architecture of Charleston [79] in the s.

The Charleston Hospital Strike of , in which mostly black workers protested discrimination and low wages, was one of the last major events of the civil rights movement. Joseph P. Riley Jr. Between and , Charleston saw two significant economic hits.

First, the eye of Hurricane Hugo came ashore at Charleston Harbor in , and though the worst damage was in nearby McClellanville , three-quarters of the homes in Charleston’s historic district sustained damage of varying degrees. The city was able to rebound fairly quickly after the hurricane and has grown in population, reaching an estimated , residents in After having been a majority-minority city for most of its history, in the late 20th century many whites began returning to the urban core of Charleston and the area gentrified with rising prices and rents.

From to , the peninsula’s population shifted from two-thirds black to two-thirds white; in residents numbered 20, whites to 10, blacks. On June 17, , year-old white supremacist Dylann Roof entered the historic Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church and sat in on part of a Bible study before shooting and killing nine people , all African Americans. The deceased also included congregation members Susie Jackson, 87; Rev. Daniel Simmons Sr. Depayne Middleton-Doctor, 49; Rev.

Sharonda Coleman-Singleton, 45; and Tywanza Sanders, On June 17, , the Charleston City Council apologized for its role in the slave trade and condemned its “inhumane” history. It also acknowledged wrongs committed against African Americans by slavery and Jim Crow laws. As of the United States census , there were , people, 58, households, and 31, families residing in the city. Given Charleston’s high concentration of African Americans who spoke the Gullah language , a creole language that developed on the Sea Islands and in the Low Country, the local speech patterns were also influenced by this community.

Today, Gullah is still spoken by many African American residents. The traditional educated Charleston accent has long been noted in the state and throughout the South. It is typically heard in wealthy European American older people who trace their families back generations in the city. It has ingliding or monophthongal long mid-vowels, raises ay and aw in certain environments, and is nonrhotic. Sylvester Primer of the College of Charleston wrote about aspects of the local dialect in his late 19th-century works: “Charleston Provincialisms” [90] and “The Huguenot Element in Charleston’s Provincialisms”, published in a German journal.

He believed the accent was based on the English as it was spoken by the earliest settlers, therefore derived from Elizabethan England and preserved with modifications by Charleston speakers. The disappearing “Charleston accent” spoken mainly by older natives is still noted in the local pronunciation of the city’s name.

Many Charleston natives ignore the ‘r’ and elongate the first vowel, pronouncing the name as “Chalston”. Charleston is known as “The Holy City”. The Anglican church was dominant in the colonial era, and the Cathedral of St. Luke and St. Paul is today the seat of the Anglican Diocese of South Carolina.

Many French Huguenot refugees settled in Charleston in the early 18th century. South Carolina has long allowed Jews to practice their faith without restriction. Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim , founded in by Sephardic Jews from London, is the fourth-oldest Jewish congregation in the continental United States and was an important site for the development of Reform Judaism.

In , Charleston was established as the see city of the Diocese of Charleston , which at the time comprised the Carolinas and Georgia, and presently encompasses the state of South Carolina. The Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite , established in Charleston in , is considered the mother council of the world by Scottish Rite Freemasons. Charleston’s culture blends traditional Southern U. The downtown peninsula has a number of art, music, local cuisine, and fashion venues. Charleston’s oldest community theater group, the Footlight Players, has provided theatrical productions since A variety of performing arts venues includes the historic Dock Street Theatre.

The annual Charleston Fashion Week held each spring in Marion Square brings in designers, journalists, and clients from across the nation. Charleston is known for its local seafood, which plays a key role in the city’s renowned cuisine, comprising staple dishes such as gumbo , she-crab soup, fried oysters, Lowcountry boil, deviled crab cakes, red rice, and shrimp and grits. Rice is the staple in many dishes, reflecting the rice culture of the Low Country.

The cuisine in Charleston is also strongly influenced by British and French elements. Charleston annually hosts Spoleto Festival USA founded by Gian Carlo Menotti, a day art festival featuring over performances by individual artists in a variety of disciplines. The Gullah community has had a tremendous influence on music in Charleston, especially when it comes to the early development of jazz music.

In turn, the music of Charleston has had an influence on that of the rest of the country. The geechee dances that accompanied the music of the dock workers in Charleston followed a rhythm that inspired Eubie Blake ‘s “Charleston Rag” and later James P. Johnson ‘s ” Charleston “, as well as the dance craze that defined a nation in the s.

The Jenkins Orphanage was established in by the Rev. Daniel J. Jenkins in Charleston. The orphanage accepted donations of musical instruments and Rev. Jenkins hired local Charleston musicians and Avery Institute Graduates to tutor the boys in music. As a result, Charleston musicians became proficient on a variety of instruments and were able to read music expertly. William “Cat” Anderson , Jabbo Smith , and Freddie Green are but a few of the alumni who became professional musicians.

Orphanages around the country began to develop brass bands in the wake of the Jenkins Orphanage Band’s success. As many as five bands were on tour during the s. The story was based in Charleston and featured the Gullah community.

The Heywards insisted on hiring the real Jenkins Orphanage Band to portray themselves on stage. George Gershwin and Heyward spent the summer of at Folly Beach outside of Charleston writing this “folk opera”, as Gershwin called it.

Porgy and Bess is considered the Great American Opera [ citation needed ] and is widely performed. Charleston has a vibrant theater scene and is home to America’s first theater.

Most of the theaters are part of the League of Charleston Theatres, better known as Theatre Charleston. Charleston has many historic buildings, art and historical museums, public parks , and other attractions, including:. Various books and films have been set in Charleston; some of the best known works are listed below.

Commercial shipping is important to the economy. The city has two shipping terminals, of a total of five terminals owned and operated by the South Carolina Ports Authority in the Charleston metropolitan area, which are part of the fourth-largest container seaport on the East Coast and the seventh-largest container seaport in the United States.

Sometimes known as Silicon Harbor, [] [] the city is becoming a popular location for high tech and innovation , [] and this sector has had the highest rate of growth between and , due in large part to the Charleston Digital Corridor. In , the Milken Institute ranked the Charleston region as the ninth-best performing economy in the US because of its growing IT sector.

Charleston has a strong mayor-council government , with the mayor acting as the chief administrator and the executive officer of the municipality. The mayor also presides over city council meetings and has a vote, the same as other council members. The current mayor, since , is John Tecklenburg The council has 12 members who are each elected from single-member districts. The City of Charleston Fire Department consists over full-time firefighters.

These firefighters operate out of 21 companies located throughout the city: 16 engine companies, two tower companies, two ladder companies, a heavy rescue company, a HAZ-MAT unit and several special units. Training, Fire Marshall, Operations, and Administration are the divisions of the department. The department is presently led by Chief Daniel Curia. The City of Charleston Police Department , with a total of sworn officers, civilians, and 27 reserve police officers, is South Carolina’s largest police department.

He follows Greg Mullen and Reuben Greenberg. Chief Reynolds is credited with continuing successful community outreach programs such as The Illumination Project and fostering a culture of mutual respect. Under Chief Reynolds, the agency has successfully withstood challenges such as the Coronavirus and downtown disturbances. Additionally, the agency continues to recruit police candidates in a competitive market. The city is served by the EMS and services of both Charleston and Berkeley counties since the city is part of both counties.

Charleston is the primary medical center for the eastern portion of the state. The downtown medical district is experiencing rapid growth of biotechnology and medical research industries coupled with substantial expansions of all the major hospitals.

Additionally, more expansions are planned or underway at another major hospital located in the West Ashley portion of the city: Bon Secours-St Francis Xavier Hospital. Personnel from Station Charleston are highly trained professionals, composed of federal law enforcement officers, boat crewmen, and coxswains who are capable of completing a wide range of missions.

In , the Coast Guard announced plans to construct a 2,acre 11 km 2 “superbase” on the former Charleston Naval Shipyard complex to consolidate all its Charleston-area facilities and become the homeport for five Security cutters and additional offshore cutters.

The following table shows Charleston’s crime rate for six crimes that Morgan Quitno uses to calculate the ranking of “America’s most dangerous cities”, in comparison to the national average. Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic. If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page.

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Among metropolitan areas in the U. Horry County has a negative birth rate — recording more deaths than births — and yet its population soared, gaining 9, people just last year. Nationally, the Myrtle Beach metro area was the second-fastest-growing in behind St. George, Utah, which sits on the Arizona border.

Illustrating the trend, the Phoenix metro area last year replaced the Boston metro area as the 10th largest in the United States.

The Dallas metro area has gained 1. Domestic migration — U. The nation’s aging population has sent waves of retirees from states with long winters and high property taxes to states where snow is rare and taxes are low. In the Southeastern states, after Myrtle Beach, Florida was home to most of the region’s fast-growing metro areas in The Raleigh-Cary, N. South Carolina’s Florence metro area is the only one in the state that hasn’t been growing.

The population in — , — was several hundred fewer than in , when the last national census was conducted. The census is now under way. The results will recalculate political representation and government spending, and rural counties in particular will be working hard to make sure everyone is counted. Nationally, the largest 53 metro areas all have at least 1 million residents, and the largest, the New York metro area that includes portions of three states, has Editor’s note : This story has been updated to correct the metro area rankings, which had mistakenly included metro divisions.

David Slade is a senior Post and Courier reporter. Charleston Metro Area Population by Year. Charleston Population by Race.

Charleston Population Pyramid Loading Charleston Median Age Charleston Age Dependency. Charleston Households and Families.

Charleston Households by Type. Charleston Educational Attainment by Sex over The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of Charleston Educational Attainment by Race.

Charleston Earnings by Educational Attainment. Charleston Language Charleston Poverty by Race Loading Charleston Poverty Rate by Education. Charleston Income by Household Type Loading Charleston Marital Status.

Marriage Rates



Charleston south carolina metropolitan population – charleston south carolina metropolitan populatio.Demographics


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