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Pages in category “Native American tribes in South Carolina” ; B · Beaver Creek Indian Tribe ; C · Cape Fear Indians · Catawba people · Cheraw · Cherokee · Chicora. South Carolina at one time was home to dozens of Indian tribes and tribal groups. Along the coast near Hilton Head Island are shell rings – remnants of the. The native people of the Lowcountry were also culturally and politically distinct from the inland tribes like the Catawba, Cherokee, Creek .

Native American Culture in South Carolina.

More than 13, Native Americans live in South Carolina, according to a state study. There is only one one federally recognized tribe in. Catawba Indian Nation · Catawba Indian Nation · () ; Beaver Creek Indians · Beaver Creek Indians · () ; Edisto Natchez-Kusso Tribe. of South. South Carolina State Recognized Tribes · Beaver Creek Indians · Edisto Natchez-Kusso Indians · Pee Dee Nation · Santee Indian Organization · Waccamaw.


How many indian tribes are in south carolina – how many indian tribes are in south carolina. Indigenous Peoples of South Carolina


Used by permission of the publisher. For personal use and not for further distribution. Please submit permission requests for other uses directly to the museum editorial staff. As noted by the U. Census , 99, American Indians lived in North Carolina, making up 1. This total is for people identifying themselves as American Indian alone. The number is more than , when including American Indian in combination with other races. The State of North Carolina recognizes eight tribes:.

The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians is the only North Carolina tribe officially recognized by the federal government. The federal Lumbee Act of recognized that tribe in name only. Some may think of treaties involving land as the only example of government relationships with Indians over the years. Commission of Indian Affairs in offers strong evidence that the state has a positive relationship today with its American Indian citizens, tribes, and groups.

The benefits of state recognition range from being eligible for membership on the Commission of Indian Affairs and for program funding, to securing a rightful place in history.

Since the commission has coordinated procedures for recognition. A committee of members from recognized tribes and groups reviews applications. Tribes and groups must meet certain organizational requirements. The creation of institutions such as Pembroke Normal School and East ern Carolina Indian School offers an example of the historic relationship that Indians have had with this state.

The reservation lands currently held in trust for the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and the Historic Tuscarora Indian Reservation in Bertie County are examples of formal relationships between Indians and the federal government. Today, because 10, American Indian students attend public schools in the county, the Public Schools of Robeson County administers one of the largest Indian education programs in the nation, funded by the U.

Department of Education. Statewide, 19, American Indian students attend public schools. The Haliwa-Saponi tribe has reestablished the old Haliwa Indian School in Warren County , which the author attended through the ninth grade.

The new Haliwa-Saponi Tribal School is a charter school, attended by about students. Such arrangements, or ongoing government-to-government relationships, offer examples of modern-day treaties with American Indians.

The situations of Indians differ from state to state. The United States has more than federally recognized tribes and forty to fifty state-recognized ones. In North Carolina and nearby states, most Indians are members of state-recognized tribes and do not live on reservations. The latter is much the case nationwide, according to the U. Census, which found that more than 62 percent of Indians live off reservations.

In Virginia there are three reservations, none of which is recognized by the Bureau of Indian Affairs BIA ; BIA does not provide the tribal members services or funding for such things as health care, schools, police, or fire protection.

The tribes are not authorized to establish casinos or other gaming enterprises that federal recognition allows as an economic development tool. In South Carolina, only the Catawba tribe has this status. American Indians have long been studied and researched, especially by the academic community; however, for many years, little of that information found its way into history books.

Indians constantly question the common practice of focusing on Plains Indians in books and in popular media such as movies or television programs. The history and culture of Eastern Woodland Indians often get overlooked. In North Carolina, before the Civil Rights era, Indians experienced discrimination and different forms of racism. At one time, some were discouraged to even admit that they were Indians. In several counties, separate schools were established for American Indians.

These schools, built by volunteers and paid for by the Indian community, were small, mostly of one or two rooms.

Their culture, heritage, and accomplishments are shared more often in and outside their communities. At the time of the publication of this article, Gregory A. Richardson was the executive director of the N.

Commission of Indian Affairs. He is a member of the Haliwa-Saponi tribe. North Carolina Civic Education Consortium. Tribal and Urban Communities. Skip to main content. Image Credit: N. American Indians. Richardson, Gregory A. User Tags:. Lesson Plans.