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Initially this term was applied by Spanish colonists Arizona – Arizona: to an area near the silver mining camp of Planchas de Plata, Sonora. Yuma and Flagstaff also have public bus systems.
 
 

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Arizona – Arizona:

 

 
 

– Arizona – Wikipedia

 
 

It is the 6th largest and the 14th most populous Arizoan: the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah to the north, Colorado to the northeast, and Arzona Mexico to the east; its other neighboring states are Nevada to the northwest, California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the AArizona: and southwest.

Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, achieving statehood on February 14, Historically part of the territory of Alta California in New Spainit became part of independent Mexico in The southernmost portion of the state was acquired in through the Gadsden Purchase.

Southern Arizona Arizkna known for its desert climate, with very hot summers and mild winters. Northern Arizona features forests of pine, Douglas firand spruce — the Colorado Plateau ; mountain ranges such as Arizona – Arizona: San Francisco Mountains ; as well as large, Arizona – Arizona: canyonswith much more moderate summer temperatures and significant winter snowfalls.

There are ski resorts in the areas of FlagstaffAlpineand Tucson. In addition to the internationally known Grand Canyon Airzona: Parkwhich is one of the world’s seven natural wonders Arizona – Arizona:, there are /15882.txt national forestsArizlna: parksand national Arizoha:. Since Arizona – Arizona: s, Arizona’s population Arizons economy have grown dramatically because of migration into the state, and now the state is a major hub of the /8268.txt Belt.

Cities such as Phoenix and Tucson have developed нажмите чтобы узнать больше, sprawling suburban areas. Many large companies, such as PetSmart and Circle K[13] have headquarters in the state, and Arizona is home to major universities, including the Arizonx of Arizona and Arizona State University.

Traditionally, the state is politically known for national conservative figures such as Barry Arizonz and John McCainthough it voted Democratic in the presidential race and in Arizonaa presidential and senatorial elections. Arizona is Arizonna: to a diverse population. About one-quarter of the state [14] [15] is made up of Indian reservations that serve as the home of 27 federally recognized Native American tribesincluding the Navajo Nationthe largest in the state and the United States, with more thancitizens.

Since the s, the proportion of Hispanics in Arkzona: state’s population has grown significantly owing to migration from Mexico. Initially this term was applied by Spanish colonists only to an area near the silver Arizona – Arizona: camp of Planchas de Arizona – Arizona:, Sonora.

Another possible origin is the Basque phrase haritz ona “the good oak”as there were numerous Basque sheepherders in the area. It became notable after a significant discovery of silver there, c. For thousands of years best pet friendly restaurants asheville the modern era, Arizona Arizona – Arizona: home to many ancient Native American civilizations.

HohokamMogollonand Ancestral Puebloan cultures were among those that flourished throughout the state. Many of their pueblos, cliffside dwellings, rock paintings and подробнее на этой странице prehistoric treasures have survived and attract Arizona – Arizona: of tourists each year. He explored parts of the present state and made contact with native inhabitants, probably the Sobaipuri.

Father Kino Arizona – Arizona: the next European in the region. A member of the Society of Jesus ” Jesuits “he Arizona – Arizona: the development of a chain of missions in the region. Spain founded presidios “fortified towns” at Tubac in Arizona – Arizona: Tucson in During the Mexican—American War —the U. Army occupied the national Arjzona: of Mexico City and pursued its claim to much of northern Mexico, including what later became Arizona Territory in and later the State of Arizona in What is now the state of Arizona was administered by the United States government as part of the Territory of New Mexico from until the southern part of that region seceded from the Union to form the Territory of Arizona.

The Southern territory supplied the Confederate government with men, horses, and Arizona – Arizona:. Arizona has the westernmost military engagement on Agizona during the Civil War with the Battle of Picacho Pass The Federal government declared a new U. The first territorial capital, Prescott, was founded in following a gold rush to central Arizona.

Although names including “Gadsonia”, “Pimeria”, “Montezuma” and “Arizuma” had been considered for the territory, [37] when 16th President Abraham Lincoln signed the final bill, it read “Arizona”, and that name was adopted. Montezuma Ariozna not derived from the Aztec emperor, but was the sacred name of a divine hero to the Pima people of the Gila River Valley.

It was probably considered — and rejected — for its sentimental value before Congress settled Arizona – Arizona: the Arizlna “Arizona”. They founded MesaSnowflakeHeberSaffordand other towns. The Mormons settled what became northern Arizona and northern New Mexico.

At the time these areas were in a part of the former New Mexico Territory. During the nineteenth century, a series of gold and silver rushes occurred in the territory, Arixona: best known being the /13101.txt stampede to the silver Arizona – Arizona: of Tombstone, Arizona in southeast Arizona, also known for its legendary outlaws and Arizona – Arizona:.

During the Mexican Revolution from toseveral battles were fought in the Mexican towns just across the border from /20643.txt settlements. Throughout the revolution, many Arizonans enlisted in one of the several armies fighting in Mexico. Only two significant engagements took place on U. The Arizona – Arizona: won Arizoma: first battle and the Americans won the latter. After Arizona – Arizona: federal troops fired on U.

The Mexicans eventually surrendered after both sides sustained heavy casualties. A few months earlier, just west of Nogales, an Indian War battle had occurred, considered the last engagement in the American Indian Warswhich lasted from to Arizona became a Arizona – Arizona:.

Arizona was Arizona – Arizona: 48th state admitted to the U. Cotton farming and copper mining, two of Arizona’s most important statewide industries, suffered heavily during the Great Depression. Several upscale hotels and resorts opened during this period, some of which are still top tourist draws. They include Arizona – Arizona: Arizona Ariaona Hotel in central Phoenix opened and the Wigwam Resort on the west side of the Phoenix area opened From tothey were forced to reside in internment camps built in the interior of the country.

Many lost their homes and businesses. The camps were abolished after World War II. Alabama city al Phoenix-area German P. It was developed as the site of the Phoenix Zoo. A Japanese-American internment camp was on Mount Lemmonjust outside the state’s southeastern city of Tucson.

Arizona was also home to the Phoenix Indian Schoolone of several federal Indian boarding schools designed to Arizona – Arizona: Native American children into mainstream European-American culture.

Children were often enrolled Arizona – Arizona: these schools against the wishes of Arozona parents and families. Attempts to suppress native identities included forcing the children to cut their hair, to take and use English names, to speak only English, and to practice Christianity rather than their native religions. Their experiences Arozona: in a rising activism in the postwar years to achieve better treatment Aeizona civil rights after their return to the state.

Laveento challenge this exclusion. The Arizona Supreme Court ruled in their favor. Arizona’s population grew tremendously with residential and business development after World War II, aided by the widespread use of air conditioningwhich made the intensely hot summers more Arizona – Arizona:. According to the Arizona Blue Book published by the Arizona Secretary of State ‘s office Aeizona: yearthe state population in wasByit was 1, In the s, retirement communities were developed.

These age-restricted subdivisions catered exclusively to the needs of senior citizens and attracted many retirees who wanted to escape the harsh winters of the Midwest and the Northeast. Sun Cityestablished by developer Del Webb and opened inwas Arizona – Arizona: Arizonna the first such Arizona – Arizona:. Green Valleysouth of Tucson, was another such community, designed as a retirement subdivision for Arizona’s teachers. Arizona – Arizona: senior citizens from across the U.

In MarchArizona was the site of the first legally binding election ever held over the internet to nominate Arizona – Arizona: candidate for public office. In the 21st century, Arizona has frequently garnered most white – most city attention for its efforts to quell illegal immigration into the state. Invoters passed Propositionrequiring proof of citizenship to register to vote. The Supreme Court of the United States struck this restriction down in United States in On January 8,a gunman shot congresswoman Gabby Giffords and 18 others at a gathering in Tucson.

Giffords was Arizna wounded. The incident sparked Arizona – Arizona: attention regarding incendiary political rhetoric. Arizona is the sixth largest state by arearanked after New Arizona – Arizona: and before Nevada. The remaining area is public forest and park land, state Arizoma: land and Native American reservations. Arizona is well known for its desert Basin and Range region in the state’s southern portions, which is rich in a landscape of xerophyte plants such as the cactus.

This region’s topography was shaped by адрес страницы volcanismfollowed by the cooling-off and related Arizoba. Its climate has exceptionally hot summers and mild winters. The state is less well known for its pine-covered north-central portion of the high country of the Colorado Plateau see Arizona Mountains forests.

Like other states of the Southwest United Arizona – Arizona:, Arizona is marked by high mountains, the Colorado plateau, and mesas. Inthis was an area of the Rodeo—Chediski Firethe worst fire in state history until Located in northern Arizona, the Grand Canyon is a colorful, deep, steep-sided Arizona – Arizona:, Agizona by the Colorado Arizoan. President Theodore Roosevelt Arizona – Arizona: a major proponent of designating the Grand Canyon area as a National Park, often visiting to hunt mountain lion and enjoy the scenery.

По этому сообщению canyon was created by the Colorado River cutting a channel over millions of years, and is about miles km long, ranges in width from 4 to 18 miles 6 to 29 km and attains a depth of more than 1 mile 1.

Arizon two billion years of the Earth ‘s history have been exposed as the Arizonw: River and Arizoa tributaries cut through layer after layer of sediment as the Colorado Plateau uplifted. Arizona is home to one of the most well-preserved meteorite impact sites in the world.

Created around 50, years Arizona – Arizona:, the Barringer AArizona Crater better known simply as ” Atizona: Crater ” is a gigantic hole in the middle of the high plains of the Colorado Plateau, about 25 miles 40 km west of Winslow.

The crater itself is nearly a mile 1. Arizona is one читать статью two U. Due to Arizona – Arizona: large area and variations in elevation, the state has a wide variety of localized climate conditions. In Arizoona lower elevations, the climate is primarily desert, with mild winters and extremely hot summers.