The tower of jewels
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The tower itself was lit by pulsating red lights, symbolizing the beating artery of the American continent Mattie The combination of the Tower of Jewels with the overall color scheme of the fair was so successful that the exhibition was nicknamed “Jewel City” Postcard.
The author of a children’s book about the Panama Pacific Exposition captured the essence of the tower’s appeal:. There was the beautiful tower of Jewels, smiling and twinkling its shiny eyes at us, and saying “Come in, children: come in, and walk under my beautiful blue arches, and through my magic courts, and my sheltered gardens, and be happy, and love each other and all the children of the world.
Peace I offer you, and Plenty, and Harmony, and Beauty. Here you are safe, and here you are welcome’. To thousands of fairgoers, the Tower of Jewels provided the most vivid memory. According to Frank Todd, author of Story of an Exhibition , “when you crossed the Bay into Marin County and got on a level with the northerly ridge of San Francisco’s hills, you saw that it rose higher even than they did.
Statues of eagles were perched on lofty galleries, symbolizing the power and dominion of the United States Todd And through the pierced friezes of the flanking colonnades the sky shone in burning blue,” explains Todd. The tower was most imposing, however, when low fog concealed its foundations and supporting arch, and its upper half appeared to materialize in a semitransparent gray.
At the east and west of the Tower of Jewels were two side colonnades, each encompassing a small enclosed court with a mural fountain. A timeline was carved into small wall spaces on these courts and on other walls of the tower itself. Beginning with the panel to the left of the south front colonnade, the inscriptions included events relating to the Panama Canal.
From within the Court of the Universe, however, the reverse inscriptions could be seen, relating to local history of California, and more specifically, San Francisco Todd, The central archway was covered by a gigantic barrel vault, 75 feet wide and feet high. The walls of the vault were decorated with mural paintings by American academic muralist William de Leftwich Dodge.
Born in , Dodge was one of the most prominent muralists of his era, at a time when murals were regarded as an essential element of most public architecture, theaters, municipal buildings, and even some private homes Smithsonian. The paintings were divided into one median section and two shorter lateral segments. Symbolically, they depicted the unity of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans through labor, and conquistador Francisco de Balboa upon his first glance of the “Sea of the South.
The paintings depicted the locks of the Canal swinging open, representing a gateway of nations Newbegin. Inside the great archway, two centrally located side portals gave access to the wings. Although these courts could be easily missed by visitors, they were a delight to those fortunate enough to have found them.
The mural fountain in the eastern wing was called the Fountain of Youth. Its design was based on an adolescent girl with “Youth’s quaint stiffness of form, and all its innocence and helplessness and hopefulness. The legend of El Dorado was illustrated by a half-open portal guarded by two Inca statues, and from both sides the frieze showed a rush of people passing these guardians in pursuit of the Gilded King, before the magic Doors of Opportunity should close Todd The ceiling of the Tower of Jewels contained a beautifully colored pictorial design by American mural painter and illustrator Jules Gu??
As Gu?? Those murals are in exactly the right tone. They give strength to the arch. But they are weakened by being in the midst of so much heavy architecture. Their subjects, however, are in harmony with the meaning of the tower” Newbegin. Upon conclusion of the fair, the citizens of San Francisco were given the opportunity to purchase the actual jewels hung from the Tower of Jewels Zoe.
A bugler playing taps atop the tower marked the conclusion of the fair on December 4, When the fair closed, there had been 18,, admissions Findling The exposition did more than commemorate the opening of the Panama Canal.
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The tower of jewels.Returning the Crown Jewels
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With the death of Queen Elizabeth II after a year reign, many believe this is the time for change. Some are seeking an end to the monarchy, while others have their sights on something more tangible: the Crown Jewels. There are many who see these priceless artifacts as symbols of an imperialist past, and believe they should be returned to their places of origin, including South Africa and India.
Here’s everything you need to know:. The Crown Jewels are made up of more than objects and over 23, gemstones, acquired over centuries by kings and queens.
Historic Royal Palaces describes the Crown Jewels as “priceless, being of incalculable cultural, historical, and symbolic value,” with the St. Edward’s Crown the “most important and sacred of all the crowns,” used just at the moment of crowning during a coronation.
This crown dates back to , with a solid gold frame that weighs almost 5 pounds. The Crown Jewels are stored and displayed at the Tower of London, and are part of the Royal Collection, held in trust by the monarch.
The Imperial State Crown, made in for the coronation of King George VI, is worn by the monarch during state occasions, making it much more visible and well-known than the St. Edward’s Crown. It sparkles thanks to its 2, diamonds, pearls, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds, and four rubies. Some of these jewels are famous in their own right, like the Cullinan II Diamond, Stuart Sapphire, and Black Prince’s Ruby, which is actually a semi-precious stone called a balas.
The Cullinan II Diamond is Some of the jewels were gifts — in , the uncut Cullinan Diamond was presented to King Edward VII on his 66th birthday by the Transvaal government, which was under British rule. However, the history behind this diamond and many others in the Crown Jewels is not that simple. Because the diamond was given to Edward VII by colonial authorities, many South Africans think the jewel should be returned and put on display in the country.
Speaking to local media, activist Thanduxolo Sabelo said the “minerals of our country and other countries continue to benefit Britain at the expense of our people,” while Vuyolwethu Zungula, a member of parliament, encouraged his fellow South Africans to “demand reparations for all the harm done by Britain” and “demand the return of all the gold, diamonds stolen by Britain.
It doesn’t matter that the Transvaal government purchased the Cullinan, because “colonial transactions are illegitimate and immoral,” University of South Africa Prof. Everisto Benyera told CNN. Receiving a stolen diamond does not exonerate the receiver.
The Great Star is a blood diamond. The massive, carat Kohinoor diamond, which was mined in India, most likely in the 13th century. His son and successor, Maharaja Duleep Singh, signed the Treaty of Lahore in after the annexation of Punjab, when he was just 11 years old. As part of the treaty, the Kohinoor was ceded to Queen Victoria. Today, the Kohinoor is the biggest jewel on the Queen Mother’s Crown, and remains one of the world’s largest cut diamonds.
Danielle Kinsey, an assistant professor of history at Carleton University in Ottawa, told NBC News the diamond “has a history of being part of war booty or trophies taken as the result of war in South Asia. So, in a lot of ways, it is a symbol of plunder and represents the long history of plunder imperialism.
Shashi Tharoor, a member of parliament in India, said having the diamond on public display in the Queen Mother’s Crown is “a powerful reminder of the injustices perpetrated by the former imperial power. Until it is returned, at least as a symbolic gesture of expiation, it will remain evidence of the loot, plunder, and misappropriation that colonialism was really all about.
Yes, there is no reason why they couldn’t be returned. However, it should be noted that the British government has said before that in its view, there is no legal ground for restitution of the diamond. No one in the British royal family has said anything about giving jewels back to their countries of origin, but Kinsey told NBC News she believes that in the case of the Kohinoor, “at some point, the monarchy will understand that keeping the diamond is more of a public relations liability for them than an asset.
Afua Hagan, a royal commentator for CTV News, said this is a new era for the monarchy, and it’s the perfect time for King Charles III and his heir, Prince William, to “look at the royal family’s colonial past and the riches acquired by that and whether those items have a place in their realm’s multicultural future. Returning jewels and artifacts to where they belong is a good place to start. Skip advert. September 27, Here’s everything you need to know: What are the Crown Jewels?
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