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The preliminary steps of CPR, as defined by the American Heart Association, are 1 calling for help; 2 establishing unresponsiveness in the victim by tapping or gently shaking and shouting at him or her; 3 positioning the victim in a supine position on a hard surface; 4 giving two breaths; and 5 checking the pulse. These are begun as quickly as possible; prompt action is essential for successful outcome. Within four to six minutes the cells of the brain, which are the most sensitive to lack of oxygen, begin to deteriorate.

Although CPR is strongly recommended as a life-saving measure, it is not without danger; specific risks include rib fracture, damage to the liver or heart, and puncture of lungs or large blood vessels. All health care providers should receive instruction and practice in CPR under the direction of a qualified instructor. The public in general should also be encouraged to learn CPR for use in emergency situations. Opening the airway and determining by look, sound, and feel is the first step for determining whether the person will be able to resume unassisted breathing.

This is accomplished by lifting the chin up and back and bringing the mandible forward. If there is no evidence of spontaneous breathing, the rescuer corrects obstruction of the airway by a foreign body, when this is indicated. This is done by one or more of the following methods: back blows, manual chest thrusts, and finger sweeps.

Once the airway is open, rescue breathing is started by means of mouth-to-mouth resuscitation see artificial respiration. The third element of CPR is circulation, which begins by establishing the presence or absence of a pulse. If there is no pulse, compression of the chest is begun. This consists of rhythmic applications of pressure on the lower half of the sternum NOT on the xiphoid process, which may injure the liver.

This raises intrathoracic pressure and produces the output of blood from the heart. When the pressure is released, blood is allowed to flow into the heart. Compressions should be maintained for one-half second; the same length of time is allowed for the relaxation period. Chest compression is always accompanied by rescue breathing.

The two must be coordinated so that there is regular and uninterrupted circulation of blood and aeration of the lungs. CPR is a psychomotor skill and all health care providers should keep their certification current in order to be proficient in this procedure in case of emergency.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Airway: One hand is placed under the neck to extend it. With the other hand the chin is lifted so that it points upward. Sometimes this maneuver clears the airway and is all that is necessary to reinstate spontaneous breathing. Breathing: The nostrils are pinched and the chin held in position so that the rescuer’s mouth can make a tight seal over the victim’s mouth.

Circulation: Compression of the chest with a downward thrust is alternated with breathing. If one person is performing CPR, he or she first blows into the victim’s lungs, applies pressure to the sternum 15 times, and then continues a cycle of 2 breaths to 15 compressions.

All rights reserved. Abbreviation for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Segen’s Medical Dictionary. Abbreviation for cardiopulmonary resuscitation; computer-based patient record. Youngson , Using rescue breathing and chest compressions to help a person whose breathing and heartbeat have stopped.

Mentioned in: Ventricular Fibrillation. Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright The Gale Group, Inc. Mentioned in?

References in periodicals archive? CPR: live or let die? Compression-only CPR boosts cardiac survival. The findings suggest there’s a crucial need for CPR training programs in poor, non-white, lower-education neighborhoods, said study lead researcher Dr.

It’s still unclear what the “best” CPR for children should be, and further studies will likely work that out. No Pulse! Call a Code! If you do CPR then you can at least double the chances of someone surviving. Be CPR-ready to help cardiac arrest victims. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR has become a lifesaving technique and is no longer limited to health-related professionals, which can be effective to decrease the mortality and morbidity in many medical emergencies such as heart attack, drowning, electrocution injuries, suffocation, and other conditions where the circulatory collapses.

Kids can learn, perform CPR, too. Medical browser? Full browser?

 
 

 

What is cpr short for

 

All health care providers should receive instruction and practice in CPR under the direction of a qualified instructor. The public in general should also be encouraged to learn CPR for use in emergency situations. Opening the airway and determining by look, sound, and feel is the first step for determining whether the person will be able to resume unassisted breathing. This is accomplished by lifting the chin up and back and bringing the mandible forward.

If there is no evidence of spontaneous breathing, the rescuer corrects obstruction of the airway by a foreign body, when this is indicated. This is done by one or more of the following methods: back blows, manual chest thrusts, and finger sweeps. Once the airway is open, rescue breathing is started by means of mouth-to-mouth resuscitation see artificial respiration. The third element of CPR is circulation, which begins by establishing the presence or absence of a pulse.

If there is no pulse, compression of the chest is begun. This consists of rhythmic applications of pressure on the lower half of the sternum NOT on the xiphoid process, which may injure the liver.

This raises intrathoracic pressure and produces the output of blood from the heart. When the pressure is released, blood is allowed to flow into the heart. Compressions should be maintained for one-half second; the same length of time is allowed for the relaxation period. Chest compression is always accompanied by rescue breathing. The two must be coordinated so that there is regular and uninterrupted circulation of blood and aeration of the lungs.

CPR is a psychomotor skill and all health care providers should keep their certification current in order to be proficient in this procedure in case of emergency.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Airway: One hand is placed under the neck to extend it. With the other hand the chin is lifted so that it points upward. Sometimes this maneuver clears the airway and is all that is necessary to reinstate spontaneous breathing. Breathing: The nostrils are pinched and the chin held in position so that the rescuer’s mouth can make a tight seal over the victim’s mouth.

Circulation: Compression of the chest with a downward thrust is alternated with breathing. If one person is performing CPR, he or she first blows into the victim’s lungs, applies pressure to the sternum 15 times, and then continues a cycle of 2 breaths to 15 compressions.

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