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Its capital is Hartford and its most populous city is Bridgeport. The state is named for the Connecticut River which approximately bisects the state. The word “Connecticut” is derived from various anglicized spellings of “Quononoquett” Conanicuta Mohegan-Pequot word for “long tidal river”. Connecticut’s first European settlers were Dutchmen who established a small, short-lived settlement called House of Hope in Hartford at the confluence of the Park and Connecticut Rivers. Half of Connecticut was initially claimed by the Dutch colony New Ссылка на подробностиwhich included much of the land between the Connecticut usa – connecticut usa: and Delaware Riversalthough the first major settlements were established in the s by the English.

The Connecticut and New Haven colonies established documents of Fundamental Ordersconsidered the first constitutions in America. Inthe three colonies were merged under a royal charter, making Connecticut connechicut crown colony.

Conncticut was influential in the development of the federal government of the United States. Connecticut is the third smallest state by area, [11] the 29th most populous, [12] and the connecticut usa – connecticut usa: most densely populated [11] of the fifty states.

The state also has a ocnnecticut history of hosting the financial services industry, including insurance companies in Hartford County and hedge funds in Fairfield County. As of the censusit has the highest per-capita income, second-highest level of cinnecticut development behind Massachusetts, and highest median household income in the United States.

The name Connecticut is derived from the Mohegan-Pequot word that has been translated as “long tidal river” and “upon the long river”, [15] both referring to the Connecticut River.

Evidence of human presence in the Connecticut region dates to as much as 10, years ago. Stone tools were used for hunting, fishing, and woodworking. Semi-nomadic in lifestyle, these peoples moved seasonally to take advantage of various resources in the area.

They shared languages based on Algonquian. The first European explorer in Connecticut was Dutchman Adriaen Block[19] who explored the region in The first English settlers came in and settled at Windsor, and then at Wethersfield the following year.

The main body of settlers came in one large group in The settlements were established without official sanction of the English Crown, and each was an independent political entity. The Pequots reacted with increasing aggression to Colonial settlements in their territory—while simultaneously taking lands from the Narragansett and Mohegan tribes.

Settlers responded hotels in asheville nc with mountain views a murder in with a raid on a Pequot village /15121.txt Block Island ; the Pequots laid siege to Saybrook Colony’s garrison that autumn, then raided Wethersfield in the spring of Colonists declared war on the Pequots, organized a band of militia and allies from the Mohegan and Narragansett tribes, and attacked a Pequot village on connecticut usa – connecticut usa: Mystic Riverwith death toll estimates ranging between and Pequots.

After suffering another major loss at a battle in Fairfieldthe Pequots asked for a truce and peace terms. The western boundaries of Connecticut have been subject to connecticut usa – connecticut usa: over time.

The Hartford Treaty with the Dutch was signed on September 19,but it was never ratified by the British. According to it, the western connecticut usa – connecticut usa: of Connecticut ran north from Greenwich Bay for a distance of 20 miles 32 km[30] [31] “provided the said line come not within 10 miles of Hudson River”. Conflict continued concerning colonial limits until the Connecticut usa – connecticut usa: of York captured New Netherland in On the other hand, Connecticut’s original Charter in granted it all the land to the “South Sea”—that is, to the Pacific Ocean.

Connecticut took its grant connecticuut and established a ninth county between the Susquehanna River and Delaware River named Westmoreland County. This resulted in the brief Pennamite Wars with Pennsylvania. Yale College was established inproviding Connecticut with an important institution to educate clergy and civil leaders.

With more than miles of coastline including along its navigable rivers, [36] Connecticut developed during its colonial years the antecedents of a maritime tradition that would later produce booms in shipbuilding, marine transport, naval support, seafood production, and leisure boating.

Historical records list the Tryall as the first vessel built in Connecticut Colony, in at a site on the Connecticut River connecticu present-day Wethersfield. Inthe British got word of Continental Army supplies in Danburyand they landed an expeditionary force of some 2, troops in Westport. Connectixut force then connecticut usa – connecticut usa: to Danbury and destroyed homes and much of the depot.

The Redding encampment allowed Putnam’s soldiers to guard the replenished supply depot in Danbury and to support any operations along Comnecticut Island Sound and the Hudson River Valley. Soldiers at the Redding camp endured supply shortages, cold temperatures, and significant snow, with some historians dubbing the encampment “Connecticut’s Valley Forge”.

The state was also the launching site for a number of raids against Long Island orchestrated by Samuel Holden Parsons and Benjamin Tallmadge[47] and provided men and material for the war effort, especially to Washington’s army outside New York City. Connecticut ratified the U. Constitution on January 9,becoming the fifth state. The conecticut prospered during the era following the American Revolution, as mills and textile factories were built and seaports flourished from trade [52] and fisheries.

After Congress established in the predecessor to the U. Revenue Cutter Service that would evolve into the U. Coast Guard, President Washington assigned Jonathan Maltbie as one of seven masters to enforce customs regulations, with Maltbie monitoring the southern New England coast with a foot cutter sloop named Argus. InConnecticut ceded territory to the U.

The state retained land extending across the northern part of present-day Ohio called the Connecticut Western Reserve. Connecticut made agreements with Pennsylvania and New York which extinguished the land claims within those states’ boundaries and created the Connecticut Panhandle. The state then ceded the Western Reserve in to the federal government, [54] which brought it to its present boundaries other than minor adjustments with Massachusetts.

For the first time inConnecticut shipwrights launched more than vessels in a single year. Over the following donnecticut to the doorstep of renewed hostilities with Britain that sparked the War ofConnecticut boatyards constructed close to 1, vessels, the most productive stretch of any decade connfcticut the 19th century.

During the war, the British launched raids in Stonington and Essex and blockaded vessels in the Thames River. Derby native Isaac Hull became Connecticut’s best-known connecticut usa – connecticut usa: figure to win renown during the conflict, as captain of the USS Constitution. The Connecticut usa – connecticut usa: blockade during the War of hurt exports and bolstered the influence of Federalists who opposed читать полностью war.

Connecticut came to be recognized as a major center for manufacturing, due connecticut usa – connecticut usa: part to the inventions of Eli Whitney and other early innovators of the Industrial Revolution. The war led to the development of fast clippers that helped extend the reach of New England merchants to the Pacific and Indian oceans.

The first half of the 19th century connecticut usa – connecticut usa: as well a rapid rise in whaling, with New London emerging as one of the New England industry’s three biggest home ports after Nantucket and New Bedford.

The state donnecticut known for its political conservatism, typified by its Federalist party and the Yale College of Timothy Dwight. The foremost intellectuals connecticut usa – connecticut usa: Dwight and Noah Webster[58] who compiled his great dictionary in New Haven. Religious tensions polarized the state, as the Congregational Church struggled to maintain traditional viewpoints, in alliance with the Federalists. The failure of the Hartford Convention in hurt usx Federalist cause, with the Democratic-Republican Party gaining control in Connecticut посмотреть еще been governed under the ” Fundamental Orders ” sincebut the state adopted a new connecitcut in Connecticut manufacturers played a major role in supplying the Union forces with weapons and supplies during the Civil War.

The state furnished 55, men, formed into thirty conencticut regiments of infantry, including two in the U. Colored Troopswith several Connecticut men becoming generals. James H. Ward of Hartford was the first U. Naval Officer killed in the Civil War. A surge of national unity in brought thousands flocking to the colors from every town and city.

However, as the war became a crusade to end slavery, many Democrats especially Irish Catholics pulled back. The Democrats took a pro-slavery position and included many Copperheads willing to let the South secede.

The intensely fought election for governor was narrowly won by the Republicans. Connecticut’s extensive industry, dense population, flat terrain, and wealth encouraged the construction of railroads starting in Bymiles km of line were in operation, growing to miles km in and miles km in Morgan began financing the major New England railroads in the s, dividing territory so that they would not compete. The New Haven purchased 50 smaller companies, including steamship больше информации, and connecticut usa – connecticut usa: a network of light rails electrified trolleys that provided inter-urban transportation for all of southern New England.

Bythe New Haven operated over 2, miles 3, km of track withemployees. As steam-powered passenger ships proliferated after the Cohnecticut War, Noank would produce the two largest built in Connecticut during the 19th century, with the foot wooden steam paddle wheeler Rhode Island launched inand the foot paddle connecticut usa – connecticut usa: Connecticut seven years later.

Connecticut shipyards would launch more than steam-powered vessels in the 19th century. Inthe first telephone exchange in the world was established in New Haven. Connecticut was also an important U. Navy supplier, with Electric Boat receiving orders for 85 submarines, [73] Lake Torpedo Connecticut usa – connecticut usa: building more than 20 subs, [74] and the Groton Iron Works building freighters.

The state enthusiastically supported the American war effort in and with large purchases of war bonds, a further expansion of industry, and an emphasis on increasing food production on uza: farms. Thousands of state, local, and volunteer groups mobilized for the war effort and were coordinated by the Connecticut State Council of Defense.

InJ. On September 21,the most destructive connecticut usa – connecticut usa: in New England history struck eastern Connecticut, killing hundreds usx: people. The hurricane caused extensive damage to infrastructure, homes, and businesses. In New London, a foot m sailing ship was driven into a warehouse complex, causing a major fire. An estimated 50, trees fell onto roadways. The advent of lend-lease in support of Britain helped lift Connecticut from the Great Depression, [82] with the state a major production center for weaponry and supplies used in World War II.

Connecticut usa – connecticut usa: manufactured 4. On May 13,Igor Sikorsky made an untethered connecticut usa – connecticut usa: of the first practical helicopter. Connecticut lost some wartime factories following the end of hostilities, but the state shared in a general post-war expansion that included /21375.txt construction of highways [90] and resulting in middle-class growth in suburban areas.

Prescott Bush represented Connecticut in the U. Senate from to ; his son George Usaa. Bush and grandson George W. Bush both became presidents of the United States. Grassowho became the first woman in any state to be elected governor without being the wife or widow of a previous governor. Connecticut’s dependence on the defense industry posed an economic challenge at the end of the Cold War.

 
 

Connecticut usa – connecticut usa:.Connecticut Map

 
Albans, Vermont via the same line. Nekita Waller []. Long Island Sound [3] [a].

 

University of Connecticut : University of Connecticut – Time Zone Currently Being Used in Connecticut

 

UConn Main Campus – Storrs. UConn Health – Farmington. UConn Avery Point. UConn Hartford. UConn Law. UConn Stamford. UConn Waterbury. Search University of Connecticut. A to Z Index. Who are we? It seems that JavaScript is not working in your browser. It could be because it is not supported, or that JavaScript is intentionally disabled. Some of the features on CT. At the American Community Survey ‘s estimates, the population increased to , The United States census tabulated a population of , Hartford’s racial and ethnic makeup in was The Hispanic and Latin American population is concentrated on the south side, while African Americans are concentrated in the north.

The white population is in the majority in only two census tracts: the downtown area and the far northwest. Many areas in the middle of the city, in Asylum Hill, and in West End, have a significant white population. There are small but recognizable concentrations of persons with origins in Mexico, Colombia , Peru , and the Dominican Republic as well. Among the non-Hispanic population, the largest ancestry group is people from Jamaica ; in , Hartford was home to an estimated 11, Jamaicans , as well as another 1, people who are simply identified as West Indian Americans.

There were 44, households, out of which The average household size was 2. In the city, the population distribution skews young: The median age was 30 years. For every females, there were For every females age 18 and over, there were Hartford is a center for medical care, research, and education. Fire Arms , and Virtus Investment Partners.

In , Sovereign Bank consolidated two bank branches as well as its regional headquarters in a nineteenth-century palazzo on Asylum Street. In , Northeast Utilities , a Fortune company and New England’s largest energy utility, announced it would establish its corporate headquarters downtown. Hartford is a burgeoning technology hub. In March , Infosys announced that opening of a new technology innovation hub in Hartford, creating up to 1, jobs by The Hartford technology innovation hub will focus on three key sectors- insurance, healthcare and manufacturing.

Local unemployment remains high in Hartford compared to other cities, the state, and the U. It was also the first cookbook to include recipes for squash and cornmeal, and it contained the first published recipe for pumpkin pie. It influenced a generation of American baking with a recipe for leavening bread with pearl ash. Hartford’s cuisine was shaped by its early settlers, who brought Dutch and English influence which combined with that of the Saukiog Native Americans in the area.

Hartford earned praise from Food and Wine as “a foodie destination”. Hartford hosts a number of seasonal farmers’ markets.

The seashore is less than 35 miles 56 km away and has played a large role in Hartford’s food habits. Hartford and the surrounding area have a vibrant craft beer, cider, and spirit industry, [] [] and there were more than two dozen breweries and distilleries in the Hartford area in The team currently plays at Dunkin’ Donuts Park.

The Boston Celtics played a varying number of home games per year in Hartford from until , when they opened the new TD Garden. Like all cities in Connecticut except Groton , Hartford is legally a consolidated city-town ; both the town and the city have been legally consolidated since , though since the city’s boundaries have been coextensive with those of the town. Hartford is governed via the strong-mayor form of the mayor-council system.

The current mayor is Luke Bronin. Hartford voted in favor of restoring a mayor-council system in , more than 50 years after establishing the council-manager form. As the first strong mayor elected under the revised charter, he is widely credited with reducing crime, reforming the school system, and sparking economic revitalization in the city. However, his reputation was hurt by accusations of corruption.

In Connecticut, there is no county-level executive or legislative government. The state abolished county government in , and since then counties have served as little more than boundaries for the state’s probate, civil, and criminal courts. Connecticut municipalities provide nearly all local services such as fire and rescue, education, and snow removal.

Hartford passed an ordinance providing services to all residents regardless of their immigration in Said ordinance also prohibits police from detaining individuals based solely on their immigration status, or inquiring as to their immigration status. In , the ordinance was amended to declare that Hartford is a ” Sanctuary city “, although the term itself does not have an established legal meaning.

Hartford is a predominantly Democratic city and has voted for every presidential candidate in the party since Al Smith in Hartford houses several world-class institutions such as Trinity College. University of Saint Joseph opened its school of pharmacy in the downtown area in Hartford is served by the Hartford Public Schools. Prince Technical High School , also calls the city home.

The Classical Magnet School is one of the many Hartford magnet schools. Hartford is also home to Watkinson School , a private coeducational day school, and Grace S. Webb School , a special education school. Catholic schools are administered by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hartford. The city’s high school graduation rate reached 71 percent in , according to the state Department of Education.

The daily Hartford Courant newspaper is the country’s oldest continuously published newspaper, founded in A weekly newspaper, owned by the same company that owns the Courant, the Hartford Advocate , also serves Hartford and the surrounding area, as do the Hartford Business Journal “Greater Hartford’s Business Weekly” and the weekly Hartford News. The Hartford region is also served by several magazines. Additionally, several television , including Connecticut Public Television , which is headquartered in Hartford.

I which runs from Scranton to I in Sturbridge , just over the Massachusetts border, and I , which runs from New Haven along the Connecticut River ultimately to Canada, intersect in downtown Hartford. Bridge is a historic bridge on the highway. Hartford experiences heavy traffic as a result of its substantial suburban population nearly 10 times that of the actual city. As a result, thousands of people travel on area highways at the start and end of each workday.

I experiences traffic from Farmington through Hartford and into East Hartford and Manchester during the rush hour. Several major surface arteries also run through the city. A large-scale project is being planned to rebuild the I viaduct that cross through the city along with moving I away from the Connecticut River.

The city is served by the built Hartford Union Station. The station also serves numerous bus companies. It uses the rail line owned by Amtrak. The service launched on June 16, Bradley International Airport BDL is located in Windsor Locks, Connecticut , and offers more than daily departures to over 30 destinations on 9 airlines.

Connecticut Transit provides bus service between Bradley International Airport and downtown Hartford. Other airports serving the Hartford area include: []. The Hartford Division of CTtransit operates local and commuter bus service within the city and the surrounding area. All city buses are equipped with bike racks. In March , CTfastrak , Connecticut’s first bus rapid transit system, opened, providing a separated right-of-way between Hartford and New Britain.

In addition, express bus services travel from downtown Hartford and Waterbury, servicing intermediate suburban communities like Southington and Cheshire , providing reliable public transportation between these communities for the first time.

CTfastrak consists of 10 stations along the dedicated New Britain to Hartford busway, as well as a downtown loop serving Union Station and other downtown landmarks. Amenities include high-level station platforms, on-board wi-fi, ticket machines for pre-boarding fare collection, and real-time arrival information at stations. Chinatown bus lines provide low-cost bus service between Hartford and their New York and Boston hubs. In addition, there are buses for connections to smaller cities in the state.

All Megabus arrivals and departures are at the corner of Columbus Boulevard and Talcott Street on the opposite side of downtown. A bicycle route runs through the center of Hartford. The route is intended to be off-road, but some sections are currently on-road. The section through Hartford is right through the middle of Bushnell Park.

The Hartford Fire Department is the fifth-largest fire department in Connecticut. Engine 1 and Engine 15 are still in use today. The station for Engine 6 , disbanded in , has been repurposed as a homeless shelter. The Hartford Police Department was founded in , though the history of law enforcement in Hartford begins in Hartford has been home to many historically significant people, such as dictionary author Noah Webster — , inventor Sam Colt — , and American financier and industrialist J.

Morgan — Some of America’s most famous authors lived in Hartford, including Mark Twain — , who moved to the city in Marvel Comics artist George Tuska grew up in Hartford. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the breakthrough discovery of genetic transposition. She is the only woman to receive an unshared Nobel Prize in the Medicine category.

Martha Bulloch Roosevelt , mother of president Theodore Roosevelt and paternal grandmother of Eleanor Roosevelt , was born in Hartford on July 8, Frederick Law Olmsted — , considered the father of the profession of Landscape Architecture , was born in Hartford. Olmsted’s nephew, Frederick E. Olmsted — was a pioneering forester who is credited helping to establish the National Forest system in the United States. In the field of music, natives include singer Sophie Tucker — , “last of the red-hot mamas.

Hartford’s sister cities are: []. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Capital city of Connecticut, United States. For other uses, see Hartford disambiguation. Not to be confused with Hertford or Harford.

State capital in Connecticut, United States. State capital. Post Nubila Phoebus Latin “After the clouds, the sun” [1]. Main article: History of Hartford, Connecticut. Further information: Timeline of Hartford, Connecticut. Climate data for Bradley International Airport , Connecticut — normals, [a] extremes —present [b]. Main article: Neighborhoods of Hartford, Connecticut. See also: List of Connecticut locations by per capita income.

This section is in list format but may read better as prose. You can help by converting this section , if appropriate. Editing help is available. February See also: List of public art in Hartford, Connecticut. See also: List of newspapers in Hartford in the 18th century.

See also: I Hartford. For a more comprehensive list, see List of people from Hartford, Connecticut. Connecticut portal New England portal.

City of Hartford. March 13, Archived from the original on March 27, Post Nubila Phoebus — after the clouds, the sun. History of Hartford County, Connecticut, — being a study of the first makers of the Constitution and the story of their lives, of their descendants and of all who have come. Chicago: S. Hartford: The Smith-Linsley Company. New York. April 1, Gazetteer Files”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 2, June Archived PDF from the original on July 22, Retrieved May 17, Archived from the original PDF on July 6, Retrieved March 13, GaWC – Research Network.

Globalization and World Cities. Retrieved August 31, Archived from the original on September 25, Retrieved June 9, Xiangming Chen and Nick Bacon eds. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. A Guide to Historic Hartford, Connecticut. The History Press. ISBN Retrieved August 16, The New Netherland Institute. Archived from the original on April 10, Retrieved April 5, The City-State of Boston. Princeton University Press, , page Hartford: F.

Thomas Hooker, — Princeton University Press. Connecticut Humanities. Archived from the original on July 28, Archived from the original on May 7, Retrieved April 30, God in America. Archived from the original on April 29, Archived from the original on May 6, Stowe — Ohio History Central”. Archived from the original on May 16, Archived from the original on May 25, Archived from the original on November 8, Archived from the original on May 1, National Museum of American History.

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